• CN:11-2187/TH
  • ISSN:0577-6686

机械工程学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 55 ›› Issue (15): 71-80.doi: 10.3901/JME.2019.15.071

• 特邀专栏:增材制造技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

骨组织工程多孔生物支架设计研究进展

屈华伟, 韩振宇, 卓越, 富宏亚   

  1. 哈尔滨工业大学机电工程学院 哈尔滨 150001
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-19 修回日期:2019-04-20 出版日期:2019-08-05 发布日期:2019-08-05
  • 通讯作者: 富宏亚(通信作者),男,1963年出生,博士,教授,博士研究生导师。主要研究方向为生物3D打印、纤维铺放技术、智能加工技术和非标数控设备研制等。E-mail:hongyafu@hit.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:屈华伟,男,1991年出生,博士研究生。主要研究方向为骨组织工程生物支架设计和3D打印。E-mail:quhuawei@hit.edu.cn;韩振宇,男,1978年出生,博士,教授,博士研究生导师。主要研究方向为骨骼支架3D打印成型、复合材料缠绕成型CAD/CAM技术、智能加工技术和自动铺丝技术等。E-mail:hanzy@hit.edu.cn

Review of the Design of Porous Bio-scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering

QU Huawei, HAN Zhenyu, ZHUO Yue, FU Hongya   

  1. School of Mechatronics Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001
  • Received:2019-01-19 Revised:2019-04-20 Online:2019-08-05 Published:2019-08-05

摘要: 由人口老龄化、严重不愈合骨折等引起的骨缺损,使人们对人工骨替代物的需求急剧增加。支架作为骨缺损的人工骨替代物,在骨组织工程新骨再生中起到至关重要的作用。人体不同组织(硬骨和软骨),甚至是相同组织的不同部位(骨骼的中部和外部)对支架的力学性能、内部微观结构和孔隙率等参数的要求都不尽相同。如何在理想生物材料的基础上,模拟天然骨的性能和结构,设计出具有可控力学性能、结构和渗透率等性能的支架,一直困扰着组织工程研究者。综述了多孔骨支架在设计成型方面近年来国内外代表性的研究工作,重点探究了多孔支架设计方法,阐述了多孔支架在骨组织工程应用中面临的挑战,为深入开展可控多孔支架的研究和应用提供一定的参考。

关键词: 产品设计, 设计刺激, 设计思维, 思维固化, 多孔生物支架, 骨缺损, 骨组织工程, 可控性能, 梯度孔隙结构

Abstract: Due to the aging of the population, severe nonunion fracture and other bone defects, the demand for artificial bone substitutes has increased dramatically. As an artificial substitute for bone defects, scaffolds play a crucial role in new bone regeneration for bone tissue engineering. Different tissues of the human body (bone and cartilage), and even different parts of the same tissue (the central part and the external part of bone), have different requirements for the mechanical properties, internal microstructure and porosity of the scaffolds. How to simulate the performance and structure of natural bone on the basis of ideal biological materials, design a scaffold with controllable mechanical properties, gradient pore structure and permeability, has been plaguing tissue engineering researchers. The representative research work of porous bone scaffolds in design and molding has been reviewed in recent years. The design methods of porous scaffolds are mainly explored. The challenges of porous scaffolds are expounded in bone tissue engineering applications. The review provides a reference for the further research and application of controllable porous scaffolds.

Key words: design stimulation, design thinking, thinking fixation, product design, bone defects, bone tissue engineering, controllable properties, gradient pore structure, porous bio-scaffolds

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