• CN:11-2187/TH
  • ISSN:0577-6686

机械工程学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (16): 45-61.doi: 10.3901/JME.2018.16.045

• 特邀专栏:制造物联网与智能制造服务技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

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切削过程中的智能技术

刘献礼1, 刘强1, 岳彩旭1, 王力翚2, LIANG S Y3, 计伟1, 高海宁1   

  1. 1. 哈尔滨理工大学高效切削及刀具国家地方联合工程实验室 哈尔滨 150080;
    2. 瑞典皇家理工学院 斯德哥尔摩 25175 瑞典;
    3. 佐治亚理工学院乔治·W·伍德拉夫机械工程学院 亚特兰大 30332 美国
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-19 修回日期:2018-04-13 出版日期:2018-08-20 发布日期:2018-08-20
  • 作者简介:刘献礼,男,1961年出生,教授,博士研究生导师。主要研究方向为金属切削理论及刀具技术、数字化加工技术。E-mail:xlliu@hrbust.edu.cn;刘强,男,1988年出生,博士研究生。主要研究方向为智能减振刀具技术基础及应用。E-mail:liuqianglink@163.com;岳彩旭,男,1982年出生,博士,副教授。主要研究方向为硬态铣削机理及仿真技术。E-mail:yuecaixu@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51235003)和博士学科点专项科研基金(20132303130001)资助项目。

Intelligent Machining Technology in Cutting Process

LIU Xianli1, LIU Qiang1, YUE Caixu1, WANG Lihui2, LIANG S Y3, JI Wei1, GAO Hainig1   

  1. 1. The lab of National and Local United Engineering for High-Efficiency Cutting & Tools, Harbin University of Science and Technology, Harbin 150080;
    2. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden;
    3. George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA
  • Received:2017-12-19 Revised:2018-04-13 Online:2018-08-20 Published:2018-08-20

摘要: 切削过程是非常复杂的加工过程,在切削过程中涉及物理学、化学、力学、材料学、振动学、摩擦学、传热学等多学科多领域的相关知识与理论,对于切削过程的控制一直以来是切削研究的重点。随着加工技术不断发展与工业4.0时代的到来,切削过程的智能加工技术已经成为切削研究的热点,在切削过程中应用智能加工技术是必然的发展趋势。阐述智能加工技术的内涵、应用智能加工技术的流程,并对智能加工技术所涉及的关键技术进行说明。论述了学者们应用智能加工技术在仿真优化、切削过程状态监测与优化控制等方面的研究成果。通过分析智能加工技术的应用前景与存在问题,指出了智能加工技术尚待解决的主要科学问题及关键技术。智能加工是加工技术的发展方向,智能加工技术在切削过程中的应用一定会带来制造业的又一次技术革命。

关键词: 仿真优化, 切削过程, 人工智能, 优化控制, 在线监测, 智能加工技术

Abstract: Metal cutting is a very complex process. In the cutting process, the related knowledge and theories of physics, chemistry, mechanics, materials science, vibration, tribology, heat transfer and other fields are involved. The cutting process control has been the focus of the cutting research. With the development of machining technology and the coming of the Industry 4.0, researchers are getting more concerned with the intelligent machining technology. It is an inevitable trend to apply the intelligent machining technology in the cutting process. The connotation and the application process of intelligent machining technology is expounded to investigate the critical technology in intelligent manufacturing. The research results in the simulation and optimization, cutting process condition monitoring, and optimization control are reviewed. Through analyzing the application prospect and problems of intelligent machining technology, the main scientific problems and key technologies to be solved are proposed. Intelligent machining is the development direction of processing technology. The application of intelligent machining technology in the cutting process will bring another technological revolution in the manufacturing industry.

Key words: artificial intelligence, cutting process, intelligent machining technology, on-line monitoring, optimize control, simulation and optimization

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