• CN:11-2187/TH
  • ISSN:0577-6686

机械工程学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (14): 28-42.doi: 10.3901/JME.2018.14.028

• 材料科学与工程 • 上一篇    下一篇

智能柔性变形机翼技术的应用与发展

祝连庆1,2, 孙广开1,2, 李红1,2, 董明利1,2   

  1. 1. 北京信息科技大学光电信息与仪器北京市工程研究中心 北京 100016;
    2. 北京信息科技大学仿生智能装备实验室 北京 100016
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-14 修回日期:2018-03-26 出版日期:2018-07-20 发布日期:2018-07-20
  • 通讯作者: 祝连庆(通信作者),男,1963年出生,博士,教授,博士研究生导师。主要研究方向为光纤传感和光电精密测试技术等。E-mail:zhulianqing@sina.com
  • 作者简介:孙广开,男,1984年出生,博士,副教授。主要研究方向为智能传感、检测与机器人技术。E-mail:guangkai.sun@buaa.edu.cn;李红,女,1985年出生,博士,讲师。主要研究方向为先进传感与检测技术。E-mail:honglee123@126.com;董明利,女,1965年出生,博士,教授,博士研究生导师。主要研究方向为视觉测量技术、精密测量技术与仪器。E-mail:dongml@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51705024)、国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项(2013YQ22089304)、长江学者和创新团队发展计划(IRT1212)和北京市教委科技发展计划(KM201511232021)资助项目。

Intelligent and Flexible Morphing Wing Technology: A Review

ZHU Lianqing1,2, SUN Guangkai1,2, LI Hong1,2, DONG Mingli1,2   

  1. 1. Beijing Engineering Research Center of Optoelectronic Information and Instruments, Beijing Information Science and Technology University, Beijing 100016;
    2. Bionic and Intelligent Equipment Lab., Beijing Information Science and Technology University, Beijing 100016
  • Received:2017-09-14 Revised:2018-03-26 Online:2018-07-20 Published:2018-07-20

摘要: 军事侦察打击、远程运输和医疗救援对飞机的性能要求不断提高,传统机翼在提升飞行效率和任务适应性等方面存在瓶颈,制约着飞机性能提升。智能柔性变形机翼将柔性材料、变形结构和分布控制与传感等技术结合起来,实时感知载荷和姿态并自适应变形,在不同环境和任务下都获得优异性能,对克服传统机翼不足、提升飞机性能具有重要作用。目前,国内外学者已开展相关研究,虽然取得一定进展,但是存在若干问题限制了技术的应用发展,亟待探讨解决方法。介绍智能柔性变形机翼的研究现状,分析关键问题,指出在柔性蒙皮、变形机构、分布控制、智能感知和系统集成与协同等方面的研究重点和方法,并对未来发展提出建议。

关键词: 变体飞行器, 变形机翼, 柔性变形, 智能蒙皮

Abstract: The performance requirements for aircrafts are improving continuously in the field of military reconnaissance and strike, long-distance transportation, and medical rescue. But there exist bottlenecks in improving the flight efficiency and task adaptability using traditional wings, which limits the improvement of aircraft performances. The intelligent flexible morphing wing combines various technologies including flexible material, morphing structure, distributed control and sensing. It is capable of sensing various loads and the flight attitude, and changing its geometrical shape actively to adapt itself to different flight missions and environmental conditions to obtain excellent flight performance. It plays an important role in overcoming the shortages of traditional wings and improving the aircraft performance. At present, some researches on morphing wing have been carried out. Although some progress has been made, there still exist several problems need to be solved, which limit the application and development of the intelligent morphing wing technology. The solutions become an urgent topic for resolving. Therefore, the intelligent and flexible morphing wing technology is reviewed, the key problems are analyzed, the focal research points and methods concerning the flexible material, morphing structure, distributed control, sensing and system integration and collaboration are pointed out, and the future development is predicted.

Key words: flexible morphing, morphing aircraft, morphing wing, smart skin

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