• CN:11-2187/TH
  • ISSN:0577-6686

机械工程学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 51 ›› Issue (13): 45-52.doi: 10.3901/JME.2015.13.045

• 机构学及机器人学研究进展——纪念张启先院士诞辰九十周年专辑 • 上一篇    下一篇

医疗机器人技术发展综述

倪自强, 王田苗, 刘达   

  1. 北京航空航天大学机器人所
  • 出版日期:2015-07-05 发布日期:2015-07-05
  • 基金资助:
    国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划,2013AA041201)和国家自然科学基金(61175104)资助项目

Survey on Medical Robotics

NI Ziqiang, WANG Tianmiao, LIU Da   

  1. Robotics Institute, Beihang University
  • Online:2015-07-05 Published:2015-07-05

摘要: 医疗机器人在过去几十年获得了飞速发展,根据医疗机器人的功能和用途将医疗机器人分为:神经外科机器人、骨科机器人、腹腔镜机器人、血管介入机器人、假肢外骨骼机器人、辅助康复机器人和胶囊机器人。分别对当前已经商用化的代表性的医疗机器人做了介绍,对其功能、主要技术指标、优缺点做出对比和描述。探讨医疗机器人当前主要的前沿研究问题,对医疗机器人关键技术和难点问题做出分析和讨论,对医疗机器人未来的发展方向和机遇做了展望。

关键词: 辅助康复机器人, 腹腔镜机器人, 骨科机器人, 假肢和外骨骼机器人, 胶囊机器人, 神经外科机器人, 血管介入机器人, 医疗机器人

Abstract: Robotics in medical have made giant strides in past several decades with its widely use in various aspects. According to it’s function and usage, medical robots are classified into 7 types: neurosurgery robot, orthopedics robot, laparoscopic robot, vascular interventional robot, prosthetics and exoskeleton robot, assistive and rehabilitation robot and capsule robot. The functions, specifications, advantages and disadvantages of present typical commercially available medical robotics are surveyed. The current research foci, key technology and future trends of medical robotics are also discussed.

Key words: assistive and rehabilitation robot, capsule robot, laparoscopic robot, medical robot, neurosurgery robot, orthopedics robot, prosthetics and exoskeleton robot, vascular interventional robot

中图分类号: